Technically it can be defined as presenting an aversive stimulus contingent on the target behaviour for the purpose of decreasing the target behaviour.
Sunday, December 27, 2009
Punishment for children – Is it judicious or ridiculous?
So what is the role of punishment in bringing up a child?
Punishment should be used sparingly, and as a last resort on children. It should not become a way of taking revenge, insulting or humiliating the child. It should be administered with the aim of helping the child develop an internal control over self for the bad habits.
The first strategy should always involve “positive strategies” such as
• Rewarding for good behaviour (just praising verbally is usually more than sufficient, more elaborate schemes may include gifts, picnic/party or whatever suits your scene).
• Not meeting the demands of the 'bad behaviour' in the initiation only (so as to avoid setting up of an unhealthy pattern; an unrewarding act is likely to get extinguished on its own).
• Withdrawing some privileges (e.g. I will not play with you today) as you did this bad behaviour.
Explain to the child what wrong he/she has done, and that it is undesirable, and that you are reacting to it, and that you would not do it if the ‘bad behaviour’ was not there. You should be sure of what you are doing, and be consistent with it.
Excessive use of punishment only decreases its efficacy, and in the long run causes strained relations between parent and child, and if you are very unlucky, the child learns to deceive you by lying and hiding mistakes for the fear of punishment. Beating up the child is usually undesirable; it is mostly the result of parent anger rather than purpose of helping the child… and the child can also learn from Your aggressive behaviour. Punishment may be called the lowest form of education.